Plato was a Greek philosopher born in Athens, Greece, around 428/427 BCE. He was born into an aristocratic family and was a student of Socrates, another famous Greek philosopher.
Plato is known for his contributions to philosophy, politics, and education. He wrote extensively on these subjects, and his writings have been studied and analyzed for centuries. His most famous work is “The Republic,” in which he discusses the nature of justice and the ideal society.
Plato founded the Academy in Athens, which was one of the first institutions of higher learning in the Western world. The Academy was a place where philosophers, mathematicians, and scientists could come together to exchange ideas and knowledge.
Plato died in Athens in 348/347 BCE. His death marked the end of an era in Greek philosophy, and his ideas continued to influence later philosophers such as Aristotle, Plotinus, and Augustine.
Plato’s legacy as a philosopher and educator continues to be felt today, and his ideas about the nature of reality, ethics, and politics remain relevant. His impact on Western philosophy is immeasurable, and his works continue to be studied and debated by scholars around the world.
Wise men speak because they have something to say; fools because they have to say something.
Courage is knowing what not to fear.
At the touch of love everyone becomes a poet.
We can easily forgive a child who is afraid of the dark; the real tragedy of life is when men are afraid of the light.
The measure of a man is what he does with power.
Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.
One of the penalties for refusing to participate in politics is that you end up being governed by your inferiors.
Ignorance, the root and stem of all evil.
The heaviest penalty for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself.
Love is a serious mental disease.
Ideas are the source of all things.
The first and greatest victory is to conquer yourself.
Those who are able to see beyond the shadows and lies of their culture will never be understood, let alone believed, by the masses.
Knowledge which is acquired under compulsion obtains no hold on the mind.
The price good men pay for indifference to public affairs is to be ruled by evil men.
Human behavior flows from three main sources: desire, emotion, and knowledge.
I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.
We are twice armed if we fight with faith.
He who commits injustice is ever made more wretched than he who suffers it.
The beginning is the most important part of the work.
Thinking: the talking of the soul with itself.
Philosophy is the highest music.
Justice in the life and conduct of the State is possible only as first it resides in the hearts and souls of the citizens.
I know that I am intelligent, because I know that I know nothing.
He was a wise man who invented beer.
There are two things a person should never be angry at, what they can help, and what they cannot.
Knowledge, which is acquired under compulsion, obtains no hold on the mind.
The just man is most happy, if he be just, and the unjust, most miserable.
Opinion is the medium between knowledge and ignorance.
The soul takes nothing with her to the next world but her education and her culture. At the beginning of the journey to the next world, one’s education and culture can either provide the greatest assistance, or else act as the greatest burden, to the person who has just died.